Buildings consume around 40% of the EU’s energy and are thus the largest consumer of energy in Europe. They produce 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU. Almost 75% of the building stock is energy inefficient, with only 0.4 – 1.2% of the building stock being renovated every year. In order to make sustainable and energy-efficient construction or renewal of the existing housing stock, it is essential that greater use be made of digital tools. However, their use is still not widespread in practice. What changes does the construction sector need in this area and what is the current state of use of Building Information Modeling (BIM)? These topics were discussed by representatives of the top management of major Slovak companies at an event called BIM Summit, organized by the Faculty of Civil Engineering, STU Bratislava (STUBA), and BIM Association Slovakia (BIMaS) on May 18, 2022, at the Radisson Blu Carlton Hotel Bratislava.
The following were introduced in the panel
- Peter Dovala, Director of development projects – YIT Slovakia
- Tomáš Funtík, Associate Professor – Faculty of Civil Engineering / Vice President of the BIM Association Slovakia
- Michal Halomi, Member of the Board of Directors – DPB
- Ján Majerský, General Director – PROMA / Vice President of the Association of Construction Entrepreneurs of Slovakia
- Martin Nedoba, Executive Director – GFI
- Michal Pasiar, Managing Director – ACREA / President of the BIM Association Slovakia
- Marián Pavlík, director of the area of calculations – Strabag
- Pavel Pelikán, Executive Director – J&T Real Estate
“In my opinion, it is not enough for the goal to be just change. The change must first and foremost contribute to improving the current situation and, in the field of digitization, must clearly ensure the added value of technology, also from a trade point of view. We must not forget the impact of the implementation of these solutions at the corporate level “, says the president of BIMaS Ing. arch. Michal Pasiar, Ph.D.
According to the statistics of the BIM Association of Slovakia, the overall rate of use of BIM in Slovakia in2021 is 20.5%. In building construction today, BIM actively uses up to 28% of the market at various levels of maturity. In comparison, in the field of civil engineering, it is only 8%. However, the forecast for the development of BIM implementation is promising. In the horizon of 5 years, almost 60% of respondents plan to use BIM in the performance of their activities, which we consider to be very ambitious. In any case, it will be necessary to address this topic, and, in our opinion, the state should take a proactive approach to support the framework guideline on the topic of information modeling of buildings and could thus contribute to supporting the development of digitalization of the construction industry.
Building Information Modeling is not only a key tool for digitizing construction and reducing the energy intensity of buildings but also a cornerstone of increasing energy-efficient construction or renovation. However, it is necessary to stimulate the market appropriately to create a demand for skills. These should not only be recognizable but be appropriately associated with quality and added value for the project. We expect that the need created will contribute to achieving not only the goals of the project itself but especially the goals set by the EU, to which Slovakia has also committed itself.
- We are one of the last countries where the implementation strategy is absent
- The government should start to take this issue seriously and set a mandate
- The market is ready, but it needs guidance and a guarantee of uniform standards
Reported by Ing. Tomáš Funtík, PhD, Slovak University of Technology.